The upcoming third inter-Korean summit, however, could be quite different. Not only is the summit to be held on South Korean territory at the truce village of Panmunjeom, the event will be broadcast live and relayed to the public online.
Following a series of preparatory talks with North Korea, presidential office Cheong Wa Dae Sunday announced a plan to have the audience at home and abroad watch the summit through mobile devices in real-time.
“It’s like keeping the summit at hand,” said Yoon Young-chan, the chief presidential secretary for public relations. “We have come up with an online platform where the people around the world can watch anything related to the summit in real-time.”
Yoon also added that the two Koreas will hold a third working-level meeting to discuss security, protocol and press coverage of the inter-Korean summit, which is take place at Peace House, a South Korean facility inside Panmunjeom.
|Yoon Young-chan, the chief presidential secretary for public relations, holds a press briefing Sunday. Yonhap|
Those measures are expected to give more transparency to the third inter-Korean summit than the previous ones, officials said, amid the expectations that the two Koreas will become more committed to implementing their agreements.
Despite the landmark agreements to ease cross-border tensions and enhance economic ties that followed the two previous summits, the two Koreas have often seen themselves falling short of achieving the goals and even backtracking on their agreements.
“It’s a whole different story when the two Koreas‘ leaders meet face to face and announce a specific statement,” said Presidential Chief of Staff Im Jong-seok, who chairs the presidential preparatory committee for the inter-Korean summit, in a press briefing last week.
Following the 2000 summit, Kim Jong-il and South Korea’s former President Kim Dae-jung agreed to establish the Kaesong Industrial Complex. But the symbol of cross-border economic cooperation was shut down during the previous Park Geun-hye administration over concerns that the money generated at the industrial complex was being funneled into North Korea’s military program.
In 2007, former President Roh Moo-hyun agreed to establish what the two sides called a “peaceful and cooperation zone” on the West Sea to promote the exploitation of marine resources and avoid cross-border skirmishes.
The ambitious plan was never fulfilled as Roh was replaced by another conservative president Lee Myung-bak, who denounced the agreement as giving an excuse for North Korea to raise issue with the de-facto maritime border on the West Sea.
|Peace House, a venue for the inter-Korean summit to take place on April 27. Yonhap|
Another major difference this time that is boosting expectations for the Moon-Kim meeting is that the upcoming summit will be followed by the first-ever meeting between the leaders of North Korea and the United States.
Moon has described his meeting with Kim Jong-un as “a guideline meeting” for the subsequent meeting between Kim and US President Donald Trump, who said the summit would take place in late May or early June.
The Moon Jae-in administration has asserted that the inter-Korean summit should prompt Pyongyang and Washington to reach the goal of denuclearizing North Korea and establishing permanent peace on the Korean Peninsula.
“Holding the US-North Korea summit has historic significance in itself,” Moon said last week after being briefed about the preparations for the inter-Korean summit by Cheong Wa Dae officials and Cabinet members.
“I expect that the US-North Korea summit will help achieve the goal of denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula and establishing permanent peace. We need to work as a good guide to make the inter-Korean summit a success to the US-North Korea summit.”
The previous inter-Korean summits fell short of serving their intended purposes as they were not supported by specific agreements by the US and North Korea, the direct signatories to the Korean War armistice agreement, which South Korea refused to sign.
The first inter-Korea summit in June 2000 could have been followed by a US-North Korea summit during the Clinton administration, but the efforts came to halt after the Democrats lost the presidential election and the Bush administration adopted an assertive stance on Pyongyang, calling North Korea an “axis of evil.”
During the second term of the Bush admiration, which softened its stance on North Korea, the second inter-Korean summit agreement was never fulfilled as conservative President Lee Myung-bak replaced the Roh Moo-hyun administration three months later.
“There were hurdles to implementing the agreement of the previous inter-Korean summits because they did not take place in conjunction with US-North Korea summit,” said Presidential Chief of Staff Im Jong-seok.
“From the perspective of realpolitik, a major diplomatic breakthrough is difficult to achieve without the consent and patience of the US,” Im said.